Wildlife and Roads: Decision Guide Step 1

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Step 1 Step 1.1 Step 1.2 Step 1.3

This initial step is the first in a process of evaluating ecological and transportation considerations to determine if wildlife mitigation may be needed. Explanations and related website links are provided for users unfamiliar with the transportation planning process. If further action is required after this step, further steps are outlined with methodology to identify goals and objectives of the mitigation.

Links to other helpful websites

Literature Cited Links to Our Annotated Bibliography

  • Forman, R.T.T. 1999. Estimate of the area affected ecologically by the road system in the United States. Conservation Biology 14: 31-35.
  • Spellerberg, I. F. 1998. Ecological effects of roads and traffic: A literature review. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 7:317-333.
  • Trombulak, S. C. and C. A. Frissell. 2000. Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conservation Biology 14:18-30.

Decision Guide Overview Step 1: Resource Evaluation Step 2: Identify Solutions Step 3: Select & Create Plan Step 4: Construction Step 5: Monitor & Evaluate